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CamBam is a CAD / CAM application designed to take common CAD files such as DXF and 3DS, manipulate drawings using CamBam's internal. This software is a versatile 2D machining operation, typically used to cut the inside or outside around of a shape, and also used to generate. 8, cambam plus license key, cambam plus p full crack, cambam 0 Crack Registration Code. This is.. share market books in marathi free download.

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' to denote new lines. It can also contain $macros. Common available
macros are described in the post processor section.

Fast Plunge Height This value is used when moving down to the stock surface or next cutting level.

If set to 0, the current machining operation's Plunge Feedrate is used (which can result in
slow machining times).

If a non zero Fast Plunge Height is specified, a rapid move is used (G0) to the specified
height above the stock. This can significantly improved cutting times in some files. A typical
example might be or Metric or for Inches.

The default value is (-1), which will use one minor grid unit as the fast plunge height.

page 58
CamBam documentation - Machining Options

Holding Tabs: Adjusts the length of the holding tabs by scaling the length by these amounts.
Inner Tab Scale, Outer Tab Scale Outer Tab Scale is the length toward the toolpath and Inner Tab Scale is the
New! [i] length away from the toolpath.

Machining Origin A drawing point that will be used as the machining origin (X=0,Y=0) point
when gcode is created.

The ellipsis button to the right of this property can be used to select a
point in the drawing.

An 'X' icon will be displayed on the drawing at the machining origin point. This
cross can be dragged to a new location using the mouse.

NOTE: MachiningOrigin replaces the GCodeOrigin and GCodeOriginOffset

properties of earlier releases.

Number Format Controls how decimal numbers are output to the gcode file. This property is
overridden by the Number Format specified in the selected post processor.
See the Post Processor section for more information.

Out File This is the location of the destination gcode file. Clicking the button to the
right of this property will open a file browser.

Post Processor A selection from a drop down list which contains a list of all the post
processors available. The post processor controls how the gcode files are
formatted and are user configurable using XML based post processor files.

Post Processor Macros This is a text field containing multiple macro definitions (one per line), of the
format $macro=value. These macros can be used by the selected post
processor and are a handy way of passing parameters from the drawing to
the post processor.

Rebuild Toolpath Before Post Controls whether to regenerate toolpaths before creating gcode post.

Always - Toolpaths will automatically be regenerated before posting

the gcode.
Prompt - Prompts whether or not to regenerate toolpaths before
If Needed - Toolpaths will be regenerated if machining properties or
drawing objects change.

Prompt or If Needed are useful when the toolpaths take a long time to
generate such as with some 3D operations.

Show Cut Widths True

CamBam-0 9 8N

8 documentation - Contents

CamBam plus documentation Rev ,

Introduction 3

Basics 4
User Interface 5
Drawing and System tabs 6
Rotating and panning 8
Selecting objects 9
Toolpaths and gcode 10
Drawing Units 11
File Menu 12
View Menu 14
Tools Menu 19
Simple Example 21
Keyboard Shortcuts 27

Machining (CAM) 28
Machining Basics 29
Profile 33
Pocket 36
Drill 39
Engrave 42
3D Profile 44
Lathe 49
Creating GCode 56
Machining Options 58
Edit Gcode 62
CAM Part 63
CAM Styles 66
Lead Moves 69
Holding Tabs 72
Side Profiles 75
Post Processor 77
Back Plotting 92
Tool Libraries 94
Speeds and Feeds Calculator 97

Drawing (CAD)

Edit Polyline
Edit Surface
Edit Points
Creating Surfaces
Region Fill

CamBam documentation - Contents
Bitmap Heightmaps
Text Engraving
3D Profile
3D Profile - Back face



What's New?
CamBam documentation - Introduction

Welcome to CamBam
CamBam is an application to create CAM files (gcode) from CAD source files or its own internal geometry editor.
CamBam has many users worldwide, from CNC hobbyists to professional machinists and engineers.

CamBam currently supports the following:

Reading from and writing to 2D DXF files.

D profiling machine operations with auto-tab support
D pocketing operations with auto island detection
Drilling (Normal,Peck,Spiral Milling and Custom Scripts)
True Type Font (TTF) text manipulation and outline (glyph) extraction.
Conversion of bitmaps to heightmaps
3D geometry import from STL, 3DS and RAW files
3D surfacing operations
Extendable through user written plugins and scripts

page 3
CamBam documentation - Basics


User Interface 5

Drawing and System tabs 6

Rotating and panning 8

Selecting objects 9

Toolpaths and gcode 10

Drawing Units 11

File Menu 12

View Menu 14

Tools Menu 19

Simple Example 21

Keyboard Shortcuts 27

page 4
CamBam documentation - User Interface

User Interface
This section introduces parts of the CamBam user interface and explains some terminology used.

1. Main Drawing Window 5. Tool Bar

3D View of the current drawing and toolpaths. Short cuts to commonly used tools and settings.

2. Drawing Tree View 6. Message Window

Shows all layers, drawing objects and machining Errors, warnings and informational messages are
operations (mops) in the current drawing. displayed here.

3. Object Property Window 7. Drawing Context Menu

Display and edit properties of objects that are selected in Menu for commonly used routines and operations
the drawing window or drawing tree. applicable to selected objects.

4. Main Menu Bar 8. System Tab

Main menus for the application. Provides access to settings common to all drawings such
as general configuration settings, tool libraries, machining
styles and post processors.

page 5
CamBam documentation - Drawing and System tabs

Drawing and System Tabs

Two tabs are available above the tree view, at the left side of the CamBam window: Drawing and System.

The Drawing Tab shows the contents of the current open CamBam drawing.

The System Tab contains libraries and settings common to all drawings.

Drawing Tab
The Drawing Tab displays the contents of the current drawing file, presented in
a tree layout.

The first item of the drawing tree contains general settings specific to the
drawing. This top object will be labelled using the name of the drawing file. In the
example pictured, the file is titled : 'MyDrawing'.

The drawing is then divided into two main sections: Layers and Machining.

Layers are used to separate the drawings items into manageable sections which
can be labelled, color coded, hidden and made visible to aid CAD design. The
drawing tree shows the name of each layer and the color used to display drawing
objects contained within the layer.

Expanding a layer within the tree shows the drawing objects in the layer. The
icon and name of each item denote the drawing object's type. The object's ID is
shown in brackets. All objects within the drawing have a unique identifier

The Machining folder is further divided into Parts which in turn contain all the machining operations used within the

Property Window
Selecting items in the tree view allows their properties to be modified in the
property window below the tree.

In the image shown, the properties of the operation 'Profile1' in 'Part1' are
displayed in the property window.

The size of the tree and property window can be adjusted by dragging the left
mouse button on the dividing line between the two sections, when the mouse
cursor changes to an icon. The property window's column size can be
adjusted by dragging with the left mouse button on the column divider, when the
mouse cursor changes to: .

The tool bar at the top of the property window contains a number of buttons,
used to customise the property display:

Switch between displaying properties alphabetically or by category.

Advanced / Basic
In Basic view mode, only a subset of the properties are shown; the most
commonly used ones together with any values that have been changed from
their default settings. Clicking Advanced will make all the selected item's
properties visible.

page 6
CamBam documentation - Drawing and System tabs

Displays a small window at the bottom of the property window, containing a brief description of the selected

For some objects, such as machining operations, a symbol may be shown to the right of the property name. These
Auto, indicating the value used will be automatically calculated.
an explicit Value has been entered.
The current value is the Default (usually inherited from a machining operation's style.

Clicking these icons will show a context menu where the type of value can be

System Tab
The System Tab shows another tree view, this time displaying objects and
settings available to all CamBam drawings, and contains the following sub

Configuration: Equivalent to the Tools - Options menu and allows access to

the system global configuration settings.

CAM Styles: Folder containing machining style libraries.

Tools: Folder containing libraries of cutting tools.

Post Processor: Post Processor definitions, used to control how gcode is formatted from machining operations.

Materials/Machine Definitions: Both these sections are in an early stage of development and are intended for use
in future releases.

page 7
CamBam documentation - Rotating and panning

Rotating and panning the drawing

The 3D view is rotated by holding down the ALT key whilst dragging the left mouse button.

Other mouse and key combinations for rotations are available in the Rotation Mode option of the system
configuration settings.

The drawing view is translated by dragging the center mouse button.

The cursor keys can also be used to translate the drawing view.

Scrolling the mouse wheel will zoom in and out. Move the mouse cursor over the area you would like to zoom in on
when scrolling.

The number pad + and - keys can also be used to zoom in and out.

ALT + double click will reset the view orientation. If Left_Middle Rotation Mode is used, holding the middle mouse
button whilst left double clicking will reset the view.

If the Left_Middle Rotation Mode is used, hold down the middle mouse button while double clicking the left button to
reset the view.

The view can also be reset by selecting the View - Zoom To Fit menu option.

page 8
CamBam documentation - Selecting objects

Selecting Objects
Objects can be selected by clicking them in the drawing view window, or by selecting them from the tree view on the
left of the screen.
Clicking on empty space will clear any selections.

CTRL+click will select multiple objects. To deselect an object, CTRL+click it again.

CTRL+A will select all visible objects.

SHIFT+CTRL+A will select all objects in the active layer.
Multiple objects can be selected by dragging the left mouse button to form a selection rectangle. To be selected the
entire object must be inside the rectangle.

Once selected, object properties can be viewed and modified in the property browser in the lower left.

Objects can be deleted by selecting them then pressing the Delete key.

page 9
CamBam documentation - Toolpaths and gcode

Generating Toolpaths and GCode

CamBam uses CAM machining operations to generate toolpaths and machining instructions. CAM operations are
sometimes referred to as MOPs (machining operations).

The following CAM operations are currently supported:

D Profile - Creates toolpaths offset from selected geometry.

Pocketing - Fills a region bounded by geometry to create a pocket.

Engraving - Used to insert toolpaths that follow selected geometry.

Drilling - Creates drilling instructions from point list objects.

3D Surfacing - 3D Meshes can profiled using multi pass roughing or finishing profiles.
Front back and molds are also supported.

GCode - Gcode files can be imported as machining instructions.

Once the CAM operations are defined, GCode is generated by right clicking the Machining object in the tree view
and selecting Create GCode File.

The Create GCode File option is also available by right clicking on each machining operation or each Part. This will
generate gcode for just the selected machining operation or part.

page 10
CamBam documentation - Drawing Units

Drawing Dimensions / Units

The current drawing's units can be changed from the drop down list on
the toolbar.

After changing the drawing units, CamBam may prompt:

'Would you also like to change the default units for new drawings?'
If Yes is clicked, then the selected units will become the default drawing
If No is clicked, the current drawing's units will change but the default settings will remain unchanged.

Note: Changing the drawing units will not change the size of the drawing objects, only the units that the objects
are measured in. To scale objects, use the Transform - Resize command.

page 11
CamBam documentation - File Menu

File Menu

File Open
CamBam can read the following drawing file types:

CamBam native file format (*.cb)

Autodesk DXF files - up to AutoCAD format (*.dxf)
3DStudio files (*.3ds)
Stereo Lithographic 3D meshes (*.stl)
GCode files (*.tap,*.nc, etc)
Gerber file (*.gbr)

Unrecognised file extensions are presumed to be GCode files.

Use the File - Open menu option to open the required file or drag and drop files from Windows Explorer onto the
CamBam window.

When CamBam is installed, it will be associated with (*.cb) files, so these can be opened by double clicking them
from Windows Explorer.

CamBam will also attempt to open any files passed to the application via the command line.

File New
Creates a new blank file.

The interface will be reset, the default settings stored in the general configuration will be used.

Hint: If a Drawing Template is defined in the system configuration settings, this file will be used as template for
the new drawing.

The drawing template can contain useful default settings such as Post Processor, Fast Plunge Height and
Stock, as well as drawing objects and machining operations.

New from template

This will create a new drawing, based on an existing CamBam (.cb) file.

Template drawings are typically saved into the templates sub folder of the CamBam system folder. Use the Tools -
Browse system folder menu to help find the templates location.

An example template drawing: shoppingdowntown.us, is provided. This template allows the creation of a nameplate with
raised lettering, commonly used for locomotive name plates. This template contains all the drawing objects and
machining operations required. The default text can be quickly changed by double clicking the text object in the
drawing view.

Changes made to a drawing based on a template will not affect the template file. To modify the template file, it will
need to be opened from the template folder using File - Open.

page 12
CamBam documentation - File Menu

Save, Save As
Save your work using the menu File / Save or Save As.

Depending on the value of the File Backups configuration setting, a number of backup files may be generated for
each file. These backups are located in the same folder as the saved drawing and will have extensions such as .b1,
.b2 etc. with .b1 being the most recent backup.

page 13
CamBam documentation - View Menu

View Menu

Three zoom options are available from the View menu:

Reset - reverts to a known position. (XY plane) and performs a Zoom To Fit.

Equivalent to ALT + double click.
If Rotation Mode Left_Middle is active, the same operation can be done by a double left click while holding
the middle button pressed.
If Rotation Mode Left_Right is active, a double left click while holding the right button pressed.

Zoom To Fit - Zoom so that all objects of all visible layers are visible, without changing the view orientation.
Objects in hidden layers are not taken into account to calculate the zoom factor.

Zoom Actual size - Zooms so that the drawing objects are shown approximately true sized (allowing for
display size variations).

Displaying the grid and axis

The grid and axis display can be enabled and disabled using the following
toolbar icons or by selecting Show grid and Show axis options from
the View menu.

The appearance of the grid, including color, major and minor units, size and
position, can be changed in the grid system configuration settings.

There are two sets of grid settings: One for inch drawing units and the other for

Display Setup
The following options enable or disable the display of graphical aids.

Show toolpaths - Enable / disable the display of lines representing the toolpaths.

page 14
CamBam documentation - View Menu
Show cut widths - Enable / disable the display of a shaded area depicting the width of cuts along the
toolpaths based on the specified tool diameters.

Show stock - Enables / disables the display of the 3D representation of the block of material to be machined.

Show nests - Enables / disables the display of arrays of machining operations, defined in the Part Nest

Show rapids - Enable / disable the display of dotted lines representing rapid moves (G0).

Show direction arrows - Enable / disable the display of arrows indicating the direction of travel of the tool.

Show grid - Enable / disable the display of the grid.

Show axis - Enable / disable the display of XYZ axis lines of the 3D view.

Anti-alias - Enable / disable anti-aliasing.

Wireframe - Toggle the display of 3D objects between shaded surfaces or wireframe mode.

page 15
CamBam documentation - View Menu

Snap to grid - Enable / disable snap to grid.

Snap to object - Enable / disable snapping to other drawing objects.

Windows opacity - A value between 0 and % (opaque) which allows tracing over reference drawings in
windows behind the CamBam drawing.

XY / XZ / YZ Plane - Switches the view seen from above (XY - default), Front (XZ) or side (YZ). For now only
the XY plane can be used to draw with the mouse.

page 16
CamBam documentation - View Menu
Toolpath view filter - Used to view step by step the tool path according to their order of execution or level in

Toolpath index: if checked, you can view the tool path in

order of their execution by changing the numerical value on
the right.

In this example, the 7th toolpath is highlighted in yellow,

previously cut toolpaths are shown in purple and uncut
toolpaths are not visible.

Z depth index: if checked, you can view the tool path in

order of Z level by changing the numerical value on the right.
All tool paths on the same Z level will be displayed

If both Toolpath index and Z depth index are ticked, the

toolpath will be filtered by index down to the maximum Z
depth specified.

Cut toolpath color display or hide toolpaths cut previous to the current toolpath.

Toolpath color when checked, the current toolpath will be highlighted in the selected color on the right; If
unchecked, the current toolpath will be displayed using the standard arc and line move colors.

Click on the colored rectangles to change the display color of the toolpaths.

You can also choose the line width by changing the width of line width and transparency by the alpha value.

The Toolpath View Filter window can be kept open while manipulating the drawing, such zooming and panning the

Depending on the drawing's Toolpath Visibility setting (All or Selected Only), the filter will show the path of all
machining operations or only those machining operations or Parts selected in the drawing tree.

Display settings are available in the property grid by selecting the top level (Drawing) object of the drawing tree.

page 17
CamBam documentation - View Menu
The display colors can be changed in the system configuration section.

page 18
CamBam documentation - Tools Menu

Tools Menu
CamBam has a number of utility functions grouped in the Tools menu.

Save settings

Saves system configuration settings and any modified system libraries or post processors.

Save settings on exit

If this menu item is checked, configuration and other system changes will be saved automatically when
CamBam is closed.

Browse system folder

Opens the folder containing CamBam system files (libraries, post processors, samples, scripts etc).
The location of this folder can be specified in the System Path configuration setting.


Opens a window where system configuration settings can be maintained.

Check for new version

Determines whether there are any newer CamBam updates available from the CamBam website.

Clear messages

Clears messages from the information window below the drawing window.

Get object extremas

Shows the extrema points and dimensions of the selected drawing objects.

Min: minimum coordinates of the object in X, Y and Z are separated by a comma.

Example: X=, Y=, Z=0

Max: maximum coordinates of the object in X, Y and Z are separated by a comma.

Example: X=60, Y=, Z=

Width, Height, Depth Maximum dimensions of the object in drawing units.

page 19
CamBam documentation - Tools Menu
Measure (M shortcut key)

Allows you to draw a line to make a measurement between two points.

The measurement result is displayed in a new window.

Reload post processors

Reloads all the post processor definitions from disk. This may be needed if a post processor has been
modified from another instance of CamBam.

Simulate with CutViewer

Starts the third-party software CutViewer Mill, to provide a 3D machining simulation from the Gcode file
produced. To avoid having to provide CutViewer parameters manually, you must use a post processor
designed to work with this software. (E.g. Mach3-CV for milling, Mach3-Turn-CV for turning). You must also
define a stock object in the machining or Part objects.

page 20
CamBam documentation - Simple Example

Simple Example (Stepper Mount)

This sample project will demonstrate the general process involved in going from a
new drawing to final gcode. The object is a mounting plate for a Nema 23 stepper
motor and will include CAD, pockets and drilling machine operations.

The basic work flow for generating CAM files in CamBam is to first draw or load in
drawing objects, then insert machining operations based on these geometric
objects and finally generate gcode files.

Download the files used in this tutorial

Step 1 - Create and set up a new drawing.

Start with a empty drawing, use File - New or the new file icon from the toolbar.

In this example we are going to work in Inches, so the first step is to select the drawing units from the toolbar.

This will prompt : "Would you like to change the default units to Inches?". This question refers to the global drawing
units property that is set in the system configuration settings. The global units option is used to set the drawing units
for new drawings.
Select Yes to update the global setting as well as the current drawing.
Selecting No will change the current drawing to Inches but leave the current global units setting unchanged.

Show the drawing grid and axis by selecting the Show Axis and Show Grid buttons from the toolbar.

To zoom the image so that it fills the screen and makes it central, select View - Zoom Actual Size from the main

Step 2 - Drawing circles

We will draw a circle to define the raised circular area around the stepper shaft. This circle will later be used to form
a circular pocket. For a Nema 23 stepper motor, this area is around " (mm) diameter. We will also draw a
circle to denote the shaft clearance hole with diameter " (mm).

Select the circle drawing tool button from the tool bar. A prompt will be displayed at the top of the drawing window
to guide the current drawing operation.

Select the center point for the circle on the drawing origin (0,0). If snap to grid is not turned on, right click the drawing
to display the drawing context menu, then click View - Snap to Grid.
page 21
CamBam documentation - Simple Example

Next, select another point on the circle. Chose the point (,0). The point coordinates can be seen on the bottom
right of the lower status bar. If the current grid settings will not allow selecting an exact point, chose a point nearby
then the circle diameter can be modified later.

A circle drawing object will now appear in the drawing tree on the left. The properties for this circle will be displayed
in the object properties window on the lower left. The Center property should read 0,0,0 and the Diameter should
read These values can be modified in the object properties window if required.

Insert a second circle with center the origin and make the diameter

Step 3 - Drawing a rectangle and making it central

The rectangular body of a Nema 23 stepper is about " (60mm). We will make our mounting plate 5" (mm)
wide and " (mm) tall.

Select the rectangle drawing tool button from the tool bar. Once again, a prompt will be displayed at the top of the
drawing window to guide the current drawing operation.

To simplify drawing, we will draw the rectangle with the lower left corner on the origin then center it. Click the origin
for the lower left point then the point (5,). Again, if the exact coordinates can not be selected then don't worry
as these can be edited under the rectangle object's properties.

Hint: To pan the drawing view, click and drag the drawing with the center mouse button.
The arrow keyboard keys can also be used to pan the display.
To zoom the display, scroll with the mouse wheel.

A rectangle object should appear in the drawing tree and it's properties will be displayed in the object property
window. Change the Height, Width and Lower Left point if required.

page 22
CamBam documentation - Simple Example
To center the rectangle, first make sure it is selected (it will be highlighted in bold red), then right click the drawing
window and select Edit - Transform - Center (Extents) from the context window.

Step 4 - Inserting 4 points for mounting hole positions

The Nema 23 stepper motor has 4 bolt holes arranged in a square " (mm) apart. We will be adding a
drilling machining operation later to generate these holes so to prepare for that we need to insert 4 center points at
the hole centers.

There are a number of ways to achieve this but here are a couple of options.

Select the point list tool button from the tool bar. Click 4 points around the origin with the following coordinates :
( , ), ( , ), ( , ), ( , )

Press the Enter key or click the middle mouse button to finish drawing the point list.

A PointList object will have been created in the drawing tree and it's properties will be visible in the object property
window. There is a property called Points which is followed by the word (Collection). The point coordinates can be
modified by clicking on the box that says (Collection), then clicking the ellipsis [] button that appears after it. This
will open the points editing dialog. The X and Y values can then be set to the values given in the list above.

An alternative way to achieve this is to first draw another rectangle with the lower left point on the origin then change
the rectangles height and width properties to both be Select the rectangle and center it (Right click, Edit -
Transform - Center (Extents) ). Now draw a point list as before. This time the drawing points should snap to the
rectangles corner points. It may be easier to turn off Snap to grid and make sure Snap to objects is turned on. Both
these are set in the right click, View menu. Once the points are drawn, the guide rectangle can be selected then

page 23
CamBam documentation - Simple Example
The geometry for the stepper plate is now complete, so now would be a good time to make sure the drawing is

Step 5 - Inserting a pocket and viewing the toolpath

Select the large circle drawing object then click the pocket machining operation button from the toolbar. A new
pocket object will be created and displayed under the Machining folder in the drawing tree. The object property
window will display the pocket's properties ready for editing.

CamBam will initially show only a limited number of common properties for the selected machining operation.
Clicking the Advanced button at the top of the property grid will show the complete list of available properties.

For this example we are going to use a " (mm) carbide cutter and cut at a feed rate of 7ipm
(~mm/min). The plunge feedrate will be 2ipm (~50mm/min) and a maximum of " (mm) depth of material
will be removed during any pass

Change the pocket machine operation's properties to the following:

Tool Diameter
Stock Surface 0
Depth Increment
Target Depth
Cut Feedrate 7
Plunge Feedrate 2
Clearance Plane

Note: The Target Depth value sets the final depth of the pocket and is the Z coordinate (relative to the origin) of
the bottom of the finished pocket. CamBam assumes positive Z values are up, away from the stock and negative
Z values are moving down into the stock or work table. If you try to enter a Target Depth above the stock
surface the program will report a warning in the message window and set the target depth to the same as the
stock surface.

To generate the resulting toolpath for the pocket, right click the drawing to bring up the drawing context menu, then
select Machinining - Generate Toolpaths. This will display green circles indicating the path of the center point of
the cutting tool. Arc toolpaths are displayed in green, straight lines in blue.

To view the toolpath side on, select View - XZ Plane. This shows 4 cutting levels. The X axis indicated by the red
line is the level of the stock surface. The distance between each level is set in Depth Increment. The bottom
toolpath will be a Z coordinate given in Target Depth.

To rotate the 3D drawing view, hold the ALT key then click and drag on the drawing. To reset the view, hold the
ALT key then double click the drawing. Other rotation modes can be set in the Rotation Mode setting of the sytem
page 24
CamBam documentation - Simple Example

Now we will insert a second pocket to cut the shaft clearance hole. Select the inner circle and insert a second profile
machine operation. This time use the following properties:

Tool Diameter
Stock Surface
Depth Increment
Target Depth
Cut Feedrate 7
Plunge Feedrate 2
Clearance Plane

Step 6 - Insert drilling machine operations

Select the point list object that defines the bolt holes, then click the drilling operation button from the toolbar. If
you have trouble selecting the points from the drawing, you can also select them from the drawing tree view.

CamBam supports 3 different drilling methods:

Canned Cycles, which use gcode canned cycles G81, G82, G83 at each drilling point.

Spiral Milling, defines a spiral toolpath that cuts evenly through stock using a milling cutter and can cut a hole larger
than the cutter diameter at arbitrary sizes.

Custom Scripts which allow snippets of gcode to be inserted at each drill point.

This example will drill 4 x " (~mm) that will then be tapped to accept a machine screw. The " cutter
should still be in the CNC machine following the pocket so we wiill use spiral mill drill option to the correct hole

Change the drilling machine operation's properties to the following:

Tool Diameter
Stock Surface 0
Target Depth
Cut Feedrate 7
Plunge Feedrate 4
Clearance Plane
Drillling Method SpiralMill_CW
Hole Diameter
Generate the toolpaths again to view the resulting spiral paths.

page 25
CamBam documentation - Simple Example

Step 7 - Creating GCode

Before producing the gcode output, now would be a good time to save your drawing.

Then visually inspect the toolpaths and double check the parameters of each machining operations.

To create a gcode file (or post), right click to get the drawing menu then select Machining - Produce GCode.

CamBam will then prompt for the location of the gcode file to produce. If the drawing file has been saved, the default
file will be in the same folder as the drawing file with a .nc extension.

If the destination file already exists you will next be asked to confirm whether to overwrite it.

To control how the gcode file is produced, select the machining folder from the drawing tree. The machining
properties for this drawing will then be displayed in the object properties window.

For NIST RS compatible interpreters such as EMC2, Mach3 and USBCNC the default machining properties
should be fine.

One setting to check is the Arc Center Mode property. This setting controls how the I and J (arc center) coordinates
are defined for arc gcode (G02 and G03) and be Absolute or Incremental. This needs to be the same method as
used by the interpreter and will result in crazy looking arcs or errors when opened in the interpreter.

page 26
CamBam documentation - Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard Shortcuts

Ctrl+A Select all objects

Shift+Ctrl+A Select all objects on the active layer
Ctrl+B Edit - Break at intersections
Ctrl+C Copy selected object to the clipboard
Ctrl+E Resize selected drawing objects
Ctrl+F Open the toolpath filter window
Ctrl+G Toggle snap to grid mode
Ctrl+J Join selected drawing objects
Ctrl+M Move selected drawing objects
Ctrl+O Open a file
Ctrl+P Convert selected objects to polylines
Ctrl+R Rotate selected drawing objects
Ctrl+S Save the current file
Ctrl+T Regenerate all toolpaths
Ctrl+U Union selected drawing objects
Ctrl+V Paste from the clipboard
Shift+Ctrl+V Copy the format from the clipboard object to the selected object
Ctrl+W Produce gcode file
Ctrl+X Cut object and place on clipboard
Ctrl+Y Redo the last undone operation
Ctrl+Z Undo the last operation
A Draw an arc
C Draw a circle
D Draw a point list (dots)
M Measure
P Draw a polyline
R Draw a rectangle
T Insert text
Cursor Up/Down/Left/Right Pan the drawing view
Page Up or Num Pad - Zoom out
Page Down or Num Pad + Zoom in
Home Reset view

page 27
CamBam documentation - Machining (CAM)

Machining (CAM)

Machining Basics 29

Profile 33

Pocket 36

Drill 39

Engrave 42

3D Profile 44

Lathe 49

Creating GCode 56

Machining Options 58

Edit Gcode 62

CAM Part 63

CAM Styles 66

Lead Moves 69

Holding Tabs 72

Side Profiles 75

Post Processor 77

Back Plotting 92

Tool Libraries 94

Speeds and Feeds Calculator 97

page 28
CamBam documentation - Machining Basics

Machining Operations
A machining operation is an object that will generate toolpaths and machining instructions used by a CNC machine.
Typically these operations will be based on one or more drawing objects.

CamBam provides the following machining operation types:

This is a versatile 2D machining operation, typically used to cut around the inside or outside of a shape.
Profiles support holding tabs (sometime called bridges), which will hold parts in place once the full depth of the
stock is cut through.
Lead in and Lead out moves can be added to reduce the stresses on parts and tooling and the Side Profile
property can be used to give 3D contours to the profile cut.

Pockets are used to clear out stock within selected shape outlines. Pockets will detect selected islands, or closed
shapes within other shapes to form more complex shapes. This can be used to create raised lettering effects such as
on a name plate.

The drill operation is typically used to drill holes at selected point lists or circle centers using drill tooling. End mills
can also be used to spiral mill holes larger than the tool diameter and complicated operations can be achieved using
custom drilling scripts.

Engraving operations are used to machine over selected lines. As well as 2D geometry in the XY plane, they can
also be used to follow 3D lines with varying Z heights such as in bitmap heightmaps.

3D Profile
This operation is used to machine 3D shapes from surface mesh objects such as those imported from STL and 3DS
A number of different 3D methods are supported including waterline and scan-line methods with roughing and
finishing options. Front and back face operations are provided as well as creating inverted 3D machining operations
for molds.

The turning operation is a new, experimental featured introduced with CamBam version This can create
roughing and finishing operations based on 2D profile lines drawn in the XY plane, but machined in the conventional
lathe XZ plane.

NC File
The NC File operation is different to the other operations in that it is not based upon drawing objects, but can be
used to include gcode from an external text file. This operation can also be used to display a toolpath or back plot
gcode files. The contents of external gcode files will be included in the gcode output of the current CamBam drawing.

page 29
CamBam documentation - Machining Basics

Inserting a machining operation

To add a machining operation, select one or more drawing objects (2D or 3D depending on the type of operation to
be inserted), then click on the toolbar icon that corresponds to the desired operation, or choose from the Machining

Machining operations can also be created by copying and pasting existing ones. Copies can be made from
machining operations in the current file or from another file loaded in a second running instance of CamBam.

The new operation will appear in the drawing tree, within the currently active Part, and its properties will be available
to modify in the property window below the tree view.

When machining operations are selected in the drawing tree, all visible drawing objects associated with the operation
will be highlighted in the drawing view.

The list of unique IDs identifying the drawing objects associated with the operation can be found in the Primitive IDs

Note: The Primitive IDs property is only displayed in the Advanced property view.

Changing machining operation source objects.

It may be necessary to change the drawing objects associated with a machining operation if:

Additional objects need to be added to the operation.

A drawing object has been modified and its ID no longer matches that currently linked to the machining
operation (for example, after converting a rectangle to a polyline for editing, its ID number will be changed)
A machining operation has been created by copying an existing operation and new drawing objects need to
be assigned.

page 30
CamBam documentation - Machining Basics
To change the assignment of source objects of a machining operation:

Click the right mouse button on the operation concerned to

display the context menu for that operation, then use the
Select Drawing Objects command.

The drawing window displays the objects already assigned to

the operation in red. All the object selection methods can be
used to alter the current selection. Holding the Ctrl key
and left clicking objects will add and remove objects from the

Clicking an empty area of the drawing will deselect all.

When finished, click the middle mouse button or press the

Enter key to apply the selection.
Press the Escape key to abort the selection and revert to
the original.

Pressing the [] button to the right of the Primitive IDs

property will also invoke object selection function.

The Primitive IDs property can also be edited directly in the property grid,
entering the ID values separated by commas.

Managing machining operations

Right clicking a machining operation invokes a context menu with the following options.

Enable / Disable MOP: Activates or deactivates a machining operation. When disabled, the operation will appear
greyed out, its toolpaths will be hidden and it will not be taken into account when creating the Gcode.

Set start point: Sets the starting point of a machining operation by clicking on the drawing at the desired start point.
The operation will start at the closest point possible to the select start point.

This starting point will be indicated by a red circle which can then be moved by dragging with the mouse. The
coordinates of the chosen starting point will also be displayed, and can be edited directly, in the Start Point property
of the machining operation.

Selecting the button to the right of the Start Point property will also invoke the interactive point selection

page 31
CamBam documentation - Machining Basics
Cut / Copy / Paste: Uses standard clipboard routines to manage the machining operations. These functions allow
copies of the selected machining operations to be made in the current drawing, or in a different drawing loaded in
another running instance of CamBam.

Machining operations may be reordered or moved between Parts by dragging

them within the drawing tree. A horizontal bar indicates where the operation
will be inserted.

Paste format: This function copies most of the properties of a machining

operation that has been copied to the clipboard using the Copy command,
into the selected target machining operation. The target's name and source drawing objects are left intact.

Paste format can also be used to copy the contents of a machining operation into a CAM Style object.

Delete: Removes the selected machining operation.

Rename: Renames the selected machining operation.

Reset to defaults: All the properties of the machining

operation will be set to Default so that they will inherit their
values from the parent CAM Style.

If no style is specified for the machining operation, the Style

set in the containing Part object will be used. If the Part does
not have a defined Style, the Style set against the Machining
object will be used. In the event that no style is defined at any
of these levels, the default style will be used for the source of
the Default values.

Note: The default style is the style with an empty

name in the style library.

Warning: The default styles are very important for

CamBam to function correctly and should not be
renamed or removed.

Refer to the section on styles for more information.

Generate toolpaths: Calculate and display the tool paths for the selected machining operation only.

Produce Gcode: Creates the Gcode for this operation only, the suggested file name will be composed as follows.

Drawing shoppingdowntown.us name.[machining operation].nc

See creating gcode section for more information.

Toolpaths to geometry: This feature allows you to create drawing objects from machining operation tool paths.
These polylines can then be edited, used to create other toolpaths or exported as DXF.

page 32
CamBam documentation - Profile

Profile Machining Operation

A D Profile machining operation is typically used to cut out shapes.

Other uses include facing edges and with increased cut widths can be used to create pockets.

Cuts can be inside or outside a selected shape.

Lead in moves and holding tabs are supported.


Clearance Plane The clearance plane (offset from the work plane).

The clearance plane should be clear of the stock and any holding devices to allow free
movement to any location.

Collision Detection Makes sure adjacent toolpaths do not overlap. Multiple Toolpaths are unioned together.

Corner Overcut Set CornerOvercut to True to add an extra machining move,

[New ] which will cut into inside corners that would not ordinarily be cut.
This will result in some stock overcutting but is useful in cases
where machined parts will be fitted together such as slot joints
or inlays.

Custom MOP Footer A multi-line gcode script that will be inserted into the gcode post after the current
machining operation.
Custom MOP Header A multi-line gcode script that will be inserted into the gcode post before the current
machining operation.
Cut Feedrate The feed rate to use when cutting.
Cut Ordering Controls whether to cut to depth first or all cuts on this level first.
Cut Width The total width of the cut. If this width is greater than the tool diameter, multiple parallel
cuts are used.
Depth Increment Depth increment of each machining pass. Determines the number of passes to reach the
final target depth.
Enabled True: The toolpaths associated with this machining operation are displayed and included
in the gcode output
False: The operation will be ignored and no gcode or tool paths will be produced for this
Final Depth Increment The depth increment of the final machining pass.
Holding Tabs Defines holding tabs (bridges) to prevent cut parts moving while cutting.

See the holding tab reference for more information.

Inside / Outside Controls whether to cut Inside or Outside the selected shapes.

For open shapes there is not inside or outside, so the point order controls which side of
the line to cut.

page 33
CamBam documentation - Profile

Lead In Move Defines the type of lead in move to use.

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Источник: [shoppingdowntown.us]
' to denote new lines. It can also contain $macros. Common available macros
are described in the post processor section.

Custom File Header This text is inserted at the beginning of the gcode output. It can contain multiple text lines or
pipe characters ' Drill False.

[] moved from
machining to first item Shows or hides the toolpaths. This is the same as using the View - Show Toolpaths menu
in the drawing tree.

Stock The stock object is used to define the dimensions of a block of material from which the part
will be cut.

The properties of the stock object can be used to automatically determine some machining

If a machining operation or style's Stock Surface property is set to Auto, the stock's

stock surface value will be used.
If a machining operation or style's Target Depth property is set to Auto, the stock's
stock surface and Z size will be used to determine the target depth, so a machining
operation will by default machine all the way through the stock.

Stock properties:

Material: Informational text that describes the stock material.

Stock Offset: X and Y offset of the lower left corner of the stock block. For example, a stock
offset of , would position the stock 10 units to the left of the Y axis (X=0) and 20 units
below the X axis (Y=0).
Stock Surface: The Z location of the top of the stock block.
Stock Size: The X, Y and Z dimensions of the stock block.
Color: Color to use when displaying this stock object.

Stock is undefined if the X,Y and Z sizes are all zero. Stock can be defined at the part or
machining level. Stock defined at the part level will override and machining level stock
definitions and will be used for all operations within the part.

The stock object dimensions can also be passed to simulators such as CutViewer when
post processors with appropriate stock macros are included, such as the Mach3-CV post

Style Select a default CAM Style for this part.

All machining operations in the part will use this style unless set otherwise in the machining
operation's Style property.>/p>

Style Library This property is used to locate the style definitions used in the Part or machining operations.

Tool Diameter This is the diameter of the current tool in drawing units.

If the tool diameter is 0, the diameter from the tool information stored in the tool library for
the given tool number will be used.

Tool Library If left blank, the default tool library will be used (Default-{$Units}), otherwise the specified
library will be used when looking up tool numbers.

page 60
CamBam documentation - Machining Options

Tool Number The ToolNumber is used to identify the current tool.

If ToolNumber changes between successive machine ops a toolchange instruction is created

in gcode. ToolNumber=0 is a special case which will not issue a toolchange.

The tool number is also used to look up tool information in the current tool library. The tool
library is specified in the containing Part, or if this is not present in the Machining folder level.
If no tool library is defined the Default-(units) tool library is assumed.

Tool Profile The shape of the cutter

If the tool profile is Unspecified, the profile from the tool information stored in the tool library
for the given tool number will be used.


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