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Pro Tools 2020.3 (includes Pro Tools Ultimate). See also: Drivers for Avid audio hardware; Pro Tools 2020 Discussion. Pro Tools 2019 Systems. See the following. (Pro Tools | Ultimate only). Say goodbye to all the tedious time spent bouncing Dolby Atmos mixes to ADM (Audio Definition Model) files in real time for. ^ "Pro Tools | Ultimate - Audio Editing Software - Features". Avid. July 25, Archived from the original on July 25, Retrieved December 17, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives

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MTRX Dolby Atmos integration and NEXIS optimization (HD); Workspace and project enhancements; Cloud Collaboration (First)[]Pro Tools Ambisonics VR Track support, Dolby Atmos enhancements, improved MIDI editing and recording features, Batch renaming features[] Pro Tools iLok Cloud support, Track Presets, assignable target playlist, retrospective MIDI record, MIDI editing enhancements, EQ Curve can be shown in the Mix window, improved Import Session Data[]
first version to adopt year and month of release as a version numbering scheme Pro Tools "Pro Tools HD Process and Accel systems.

Notable software features introduced with Pro Tools 10 were editable clip-based gain automation (Clip gain), the ability to load the session's audio data into RAM to improve transport responsiveness (Disk caching), quadrupled Automatic Delay Compensation length, audio fades processed in real-time, timeline length extended to 24 hours, support for bit float audio and mixed audio formats within the session, and the addition of Avid Channel Strip plug-in (based on Euphonix System 5 console's channel strip, following Avid's acquisition of Euphonix in ).[64][43]

Switch to bit architecture ()[edit]

Pro Tools 11, released in June , switched from bit to bit software architecture with new audio and video engines, enabling the application and plug-ins to fully take advantage of system memory. The new audio engine (AAE) introduced support of offline bouncing and simultaneous mixdowns multiple sources; dynamic plug-in processing allowed to reduce CPU usage when active native plug-ins don't receive any input. Two separate buffers were used for playback and for monitoring of record-enabled or input-monitored tracks. The new video engine (AVE) improved performance and handling of multiple CPU cores.

Support for HD Accel systems, legacy HD interfaces, TDM and bit AAX plug-ins was dropped due to their incompatibility with bit architecture.[13]


The timeline of Pro Tools 9 showing audio and MIDI tracks, running on Windows

Pro Tools workflow is organized into two main windows: the timeline is shown in the Edit window, while the mixer is shown in the Mix window. MIDI and Score Editor windows provide a dedicated environment to edit MIDI.[65] Different window layouts, along with shown and hidden tracks and their width settings, can be stored and recalled from the Window configuration list.[66]


The timeline provides a graphical representation of all types of tracks: the audio envelope or waveform (when zoomed in) for audio tracks, a piano roll showing MIDI notes and controller values for MIDI and Instrument tracks, a sequence of frame thumbnails for video tracks, audio levels for auxiliary, master and VCA master tracks.[67] Alternate audio and MIDI content can be recorded, shown, and edited in multiple layers for each track (called playlists), which can be used for track compositing. All the mixer parameters (such as track and sends volume, pan, and mute status) and plug-in parameters can be changed over time through automation. Any automation type can be shown and edited in multiple lanes for each track. Track-based volume automation can be converted to clip-based automation and vice versa;[71] automation of any type can also be copied and pasted to any other automation type.

Time can be measured and displayed on the timeline in different scales: bars and beats, time or SMPTE timecode (with selectable frame rates), audio samples, or film stock feet for audio-for-film referencing (based on the 35 mm film format).[73] Tempo and meter changes can also be programmed; both MIDI and audio clips can move or time-stretch to follow tempo changes ("tick-based" tracks) or maintain their absolute position ("sample-based" tracks). Elastic Audio must be enabled to allow time stretching of audio clips.


Audio and MIDI clips can be moved, cut, and duplicated non-destructively on the timeline (edits change the clip organization on the timeline, but source files are not overwritten).[75]Time stretching (TCE), pitch shifting, equalization, and dynamics processing can be applied to audio clips non-destructively and in real-time with Elastic Audio and Clip Effects;[77] gain can be adjusted statically or dynamically on individual clips with Clip Gain;[78] fade and crossfades can be applied, adjusted and are processed in real-time. All other types of audio processing can be rendered on the timeline with the AudioSuite (non-real-time) version of AAX plug-ins. Audio clips can be converted to MIDI data using the Celemony Melodyne engine; pitches with timing and velocities are extracted through melodic, polyphonic, or rhythmic analysis algorithms. Pitch and rhythm of audio tracks can also be viewed and manipulated with the bundled Melodyne Essential.

MIDI notes, velocities, and controllers can be edited directly on the timeline, each MIDI track showing an individual piano roll, or in a specific window, where several MIDI and Instrument tracks can be shown together in a single piano roll with color-coding. Multiple MIDI controllers for each track can be viewed and edited on different lanes. MIDI tracks can also be shown in musical notation within a score editor. MIDI data such as note quantization, duration, transposition, delay, and velocity can also be altered non-destructively and in real-time on a track-per-track basis.

Video files can be imported to one or more video tracks and organized in multiple playlists. Multiple video files can be edited together and played back in real-time. Video processing is GPU-accelerated and managed by the Avid Video Engine (AVE). Video output from one video track is provided in a separate window or can be viewed full screen.


The virtual mixer shows controls and components of all tracks, including inserts, sends, input and output assignments, automation read/write controls, panning, solo/mute buttons, arm record buttons, the volume fader, the level meter, and the track name. It also can show additional controls for the inserted virtual instrument, mic preamp gain, HEAT settings, and the EQ curve for each track.[85] Each track inputs and outputs can have different channel depths: mono, stereo, multichannel (LCR, LCRS, Quad, /, /, /); Dolby Atmos and Ambisonics formats are also available for mixing.

Audio can be routed to and from different outputs and inputs, both physical and internal. Internal routing is achieved using busses and auxiliary tracks; each track can have multiple output assignments. Virtual instruments are loaded on Instrument tracks—a specific type of track that receives MIDI data in input and returns audio in output.

Plug-ins are processed in real-time with dedicated DSP chips (AAX DSP format) or using the host computer's CPU (AAX Native format).

Track rendering[edit]

Audio, auxiliary, and Instrument tracks (or MIDI tracks routed to a virtual instrument plug-in) can be committed to new tracks containing their rendered output. Virtual instruments can be committed to audio to prepare an arrangement project for mixing; track commit is also used to free up system resources during mixing or when the session is shared with systems not having some plug-ins installed. Multiple tracks can be rendered at a time; it is also possible to render a specific timeline selection and define which range of inserts to render.[90]

Similarly, tracks can be frozen with their output rendered at the end of the plug-in chain or at a specific insert of their chain. Editing is suspended on frozen tracks, but they can subsequently be unfrozen if further adjustments are needed. For example, virtual instruments can be frozen to free up system memory and improve performance while keeping the possibility to unfreeze them to make changes to the arrangement.[91]


The main mix of the session—or any internal mix bus or output path—can be bounced to disk in real-time (if hardware inserts from analog hardware are used, or if any audio or MIDI source is monitored live into the session) or offline (faster-than-real-time). The selected source can be mixed to mono, stereo, or any other multichannel format. Multichannel mixdowns can be written as an interleaved audio file or in multiple mono files. Up to 24 sources of up to 10 channels each can be mixed down simultaneously—for example, to deliver audio stems.

Audio and video can be bounced together to a MOV file; video is transcoded with the DNxHD, DNxHR, Apple ProRes, and H video codecs.

Session data exchange[edit]

Session data can be partially or entirely exchanged with other DAWs or video editing software that support AAF, OMF, or MXF. AAF and OMF sequences embed audio and video files with their metadata; when opened by the destination application, session structure is rebuilt with the original clip placement, edits, and basic track and clip automation.

Track contents and any of its properties can be selectively exchanged between Pro Tools sessions with Import Session Data (for example, importing audio clips from an external session to a designated track while keeping track settings or importing track inserts while keeping audio clips).[95] Similarly, the same track data for any track set—a given processing chain, a collection of clips, or a group of tracks with their assignments—can be stored and recalled as Track Presets.

Cloud collaboration[edit]

Pro Tools projects can be synchronized to the Avid Cloud and shared with other users on a track-by-track basis. Different users can simultaneously work on the project and upload new tracks or any changes to existing tracks (such as audio and MIDI clips, automation, inserted plug-ins, and mixer status) or alterations to the project structure (such as tempo, meter, or key).

Field recorder workflows[edit]

Pro Tools reads embedded metadata in media files to manage multichannel recordings made by field recorders in production sound. All stored metadata (such as scene and take numbers, tape or sound roll name, or production comments) can be accessed in the Workspace browser.

Analogous audio clips are identified by overlapping longitudinal timecode (LTC) and by one or more user-defined criteria (such as matching file length, file name, or scene and take numbers). An audio segment can be replaced from matching channels (for example, to replace audio from a boom microphone with the audio from a lavalier microphone) while maintaining edits and fades in the timeline, or any matching channels can be added to new tracks.

Multi-system linking and device synchronization[edit]

Up to twelve Pro Tools Ultimate systems with dedicated hardware can be linked together over an Ethernet network—for example, in multi-user mixing environments where different mix components (such as dialog, ADR, effects, and music) reside on different systems, or if a larger track count or processing power is needed. Transport, solo, and mute are controlled by a single system and with a single control surface. One system can also be designated for video playback to optimize performance. Pro Tools can synchronize to external devices using SMPTE/EBU timecode or MIDI timecode.


Pro Tools software is available in a standard edition (informally called "Vanilla")[] providing all the key features for audio mixing and post-production, a complete edition (officially called "Ultimate" and known as "HD" between and ), which unlocks functionality for advanced workflows and a higher track count, and a starter edition, called "First", providing the essential features.

Pro Tools MIX hardware support was dropped with version

Native systems: Pro Tools LE and Pro Tools M-Powered[edit]

Pro Tools LE, first introduced and distributed in with the Digi interface,[54] was a specific Pro Tools version in which the signal processing entirely relied on the host CPU. The software required a Digidesign interface to run, which acted as a copy-protection mechanism for the software. Mbox was the entry-level range of the available interface; Digi and Digi /, which also provided a control surface, were the upper range. The Eleven Rack also ran on Pro Tools LE, included in-box DSP processing via an FPGA chip, offloading guitar amp/speaker emulation, and guitar effects plug-in processing to the interface, allowing them to run without taxing the host system.

Pro Tools LE shared the same interface of Pro Tools HD but had a smaller track count (24 tracks with Pro Tools 5, extended to 32 tracks with Pro Tools 6[46] and 48 tracks with Pro Tools 8)[55] and supported a maximum sample rate of 96&#;kHz[56] (depending on the interface used). Some advanced software features, such as Automatic Delay Compensation, surround mixing, multi-track Beat Detective, OMF/AAF support, and SMPTE Timecode, were omitted. Some of them, as well as support for 48 tracks/96 voices (extended to 64 tracks/ voices with Pro Tools 8) and additional plug-ins, were made available through an expansion package called "Music Production Toolkit".[57] The "Complete Production Toolkit", introduced with Pro Tools 8, added support for surround mixing and tracks (while the system was still limited to voices).[55]

With the acquisition of M-Audio in –, Digidesign released a specific variant of Pro Tools, called M-Powered, which was equivalent to Pro Tools LE and could be run with M-Audio interfaces.[58]

The Pro Tools LE/M-Powered line was discontinued with the release of Pro Tools 9.

Hardware-independent native systems: Pro Tools 9[edit]

Pro Tools 9, released in November , dropped the requirement of proprietary hardware to run the software. Any audio device could be used through Core Audio on macOS or the ASIO driver on a Windows. Core Audio allowed device aggregation, enabling using of more than one interface simultaneously. Some Pro Tools HD software features, such as automatic plug-in delay compensation, OMF/AAF file import, Timecode ruler, and multi-track Beat Detective, were included in the standard version of Pro Tools 9.[59]

When operating on a machine containing one or more HD Core, Accel, or Native cards, the software ran as Pro Tools HD with the complete HD feature set. In all other cases, it ran as Pro Tools 9 standard, with a smaller track count and some advanced features turned off.

Advanced Instrument Research (AIR): built-in virtual instruments and plug-ins[edit]

In response to Apple's decision to include Emagic's complete line of virtual instruments in Logic Pro in and following Avid's acquisition of German virtual instruments developer Wizoo in , Pro Tools 8 was supplied with its first built-in virtual instruments library, the AIR Creative Collection, as well as with some new plug-ins, to make it more appealing for music production.[55] An expansion was also available, called AIR Complete Collection.

AIR Creative Collection
Structure Free sampler with basic library
Boom electronic drum machine
Vacuum virtual subtractive-style synthesizer
Mini Grand sampled acoustic piano
DB33 sampled Hammond B3 organ
Xpand!2 synthesis and sample-based library
AIR Complete Collection
Structure sampler with full library
Strike virtual drummer
Hybrid virtual subtractive synthesizer
Velvet sampled classic electric pianos
Transfuser real-time loop manipulation tool

Pro Tools

Our Passion Inspires

With millions of users worldwide, Steinberg is one of the world's largest manufacturers of audio software and hardware. We are dedicated to empowering you — engineers, musicians, producers and composers — giving you the tools to do what you do best: making music and producing audio to the highest standard.
We ensure that nothing stands in the way of your creative process: from the initial spark of an idea right through to the finished project. We strive to feed the passion for music in everyone; to deliver applications and services that have a positive impact on you, your audience and the entire audio production industry.

Innovation Since

In the world of music and other audio technology, Steinberg has always pushed the envelope. Since its inception, the company has striven to deliver unprecedented, inspiring tools and workflow solutions for sound creatives and professionals. Every day we want to create something better than the day before. Because if we can, it means you can. Creator of the VST and ASIO standards, as well as other game-changing innovations, Steinberg created a success story which has cemented the foundation of today's experience and understanding in audio production, paving the way for a truly exciting future for music-makers.

Find out more

Supporting Teachers and Students

In classrooms and professional studios alike, the name Steinberg is globally renowned for the highest quality music production and scoring software, virtual instruments, audio interfaces and much more. It is important that students learn their craft on the equipment that professionals use, so they are ready for the real world of the creative industries. With versatile tools for all education levels, Steinberg will help you to teach or learn music theory, create beautiful scores, make great music and even develop your own plug-ins — all building a strong foundation for a rewarding creative career.

Find out more

Your Career Begins Here

Do you feel that audio and music software development is your vocation? Is working with sound all you ever wanted to do? Steinberg could hold many possibilities for you. You may just be beginning your professional career or have already gained a high level of expertise. Wherever you are on your audio career path, we will help you to make the most of your potential and pave the way for a great future, both personally and professionally!

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Источник: []

License type Free Paid (Perpetual/Subscription)
Price of perpetual licenses[]US$ US$
Maximum voices, tracks, and hardware inputs
Audio tracks 16


Voices n/a (native/HDX Hybrid)
/card (HDX classic)
I/O channels 4 32
MIDI tracks 16
Instrument tracks 16
Auxiliary tracks 16
Routing folder tracks n/a
Video tracks n/a 1 64
Bit depth, Sample rate bit float, 96&#;kHz bit float, &#;kHz
Production tools
Editing tools Basic Standard Advanced
MIDI editor/keyboard, Elastic Audio
Elastic Pitch, Track presets
Yes Yes Yes
Score editor, Beat Detective,
Input monitoring, Clip gain
No Yes Yes
Clip effects No Playback only Full
Audio to MIDI conversion No Yes Yes
Batch Track/Clip rename, Space clips No Yes Yes
Video editing tools,

Field recorder workflows

No No Yes
Mixing tools
Mixing output Stereo Stereo Up to surround
Automation Standard Standard Advanced
Plug-in delay compensation,
Offline bounce, Track freeze
Yes Yes Yes
VCA, AFL/PFL solo path,
Timecode, Advanced metering
No Yes Yes
Dolby Atmos, Ambisonics VR,
surround mixing, ADM export
No No Yes
HEAT No No Yes (Paid)
Program features
Cloud collaboration Yes (includes 1 GB of free storage space)
AAF / OMF / MXF file support No Yes Yes
Session data importing No Yes Yes
Disk cache No Yes Yes
Satellite link
(sync up to 12 systems)
No No Yes

Control surfaces[edit]

In mids, Digidesign started working on a studio device that could replace classic analog consoles and provide integration with Pro Tools. ProControl () was the first Digidesign control surface, providing motorized, touch-sensitive faders, an analog control room communication section, and connecting to the host computer via Ethernet. ProControl could be later expanded by adding up to five fader packs, each providing eight additional fader strips and controls.[34]

Control 24 () added monitoring support and included 16 class A preamps designed by Focusrite. Icon D-Control () incorporated an HD Accel system and was developed for larger TV and film productions in mind. Command 24 system and relying on a new range of DSP cards (HD Core and HD Process, replacing MIX Core and MIX Farm), new interfaces running at up to kHz or 96&#;kHz sample rates (HD and 96, replacing and ), along with an updated version of the software (Pro Tools 6) with new features and a redesigned GUI, developed for OS X and Windows XP.[46] Two HD interfaces could be linked together for increased I/O through a proprietary connection. The base system was selling for US$12,, while the full system was selling for US$20,

Both HD Core and Process cards mounted nine Motorola chips running at &#;MHz, each providing 25% more processing power than the Motorola chips mounted on MIX cards; this translated to about twice the power for a single card. A system could combine one HD Core card with up to two HD Process cards, supporting playback for 96/48/12 tracks at 48/96/&#;kHz sample rates (with a single HD Core card installed) and /64/24 tracks at 48/96/&#;kHz sample rates (with one or two HD Process cards).[47]

When Apple changed the expansion slot architecture of the Mac G5 to PCI Express, Digidesign launched a line of PCIe DSP cards that both adopted the new card slot format and slightly changed the combination of chips. HD Process cards were replaced with HD Accel, each mounting nine Motorola chips running at &#;MHz and each providing twice the power than an HD Process card; track count for systems mounting an HD Accel was extended to /96/36 tracks at 48/96/&#;kHz sample rates.[48] The use of PCI Express connection reduced round-trip delay time, while DSP audio processing allowed the use of smaller hardware buffer sizes during recording, assuring stable performance with extremely low latency.[5]

Pro Tools, offering a solid and reliable alternative to analog recording and mixing, eventually became a standard in professional studios throughout the decade, while editing features such as Beat Detective (introduced with Pro Tools in )[43] and Elastic Audio (introduced with Pro Tools in )[49] redefined the workflow adopted in contemporary music production.[15]

Other software milestones were background tasks processing (such as fade rendering, file conversion or relinking), real-time insertion of TDM plug-ins during playback, and a browser/database environment introduced with Pro Tools 6 in ;[46] Automatic plug-in Delay Compensation (ADC), introduced with Pro Tools in and only available with TDM systems with HD Accel;[50] a new implementation of RTAS with multi-threading support and improved performance, Region groups, Instrument tracks, and real-time MIDI processing, introduced with Pro Tools 7 in ;[51] VCA and volume trim, introduced with Pro Tools in ;[52] support for ten track inserts, MIDI Editor, and MIDI Score, introduced with Pro Tools 8 in [53]

Pro Tools 24Pro Tools

Interesting moment: Pro tools ultimate torrent Archives

Pro tools ultimate torrent Archives
24 system.[34]

Pro Tools 5 saw two substantial software developments: extended MIDI functionality and integration in (an editable piano-roll view in the editor; MIDI automation, quantize and transpose)[34] and the introduction of surround sound mixing and multichannel plug-ins—up to the format—with Pro Tools TDM [43] in [42]

The migration from traditional, tape-based analog studio technology to the Pro Tools platform took place within the industry:Ricky Martin's "Livin' la Vida Loca" () was the first Billboard Hot number-one single to be recorded, edited, and mixed entirely within the Pro Tools environment,[44] allowing a more meticulous and effortless editing workflow (especially on vocals).

While consolidating its presence in professional studios, Digidesign began to target the mid-range consumer market in by introducing the Digi bundle, consisting of a rack-mount audio interface with eight inputs and outputs with bit, /48&#;kHz capability and MIDI connections. The package was distributed with Pro Tools LE, a specific version of the software without DSP support, limited to 24 mixing tracks.[15]

High-resolution audio and consolidation of digital pro tools ultimate torrent Archives and mixing: Pro Tools

Timeline of file sharing

This is a timeline of events in the history of networked file sharing, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives.



Most file sharing in this era was done by modem over landline telephone, at speeds from to bits per second, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives. Many file systems in use only supported short filenames. Computer memory and speed was very limited, with 33&#;MHz CPUs only being accessible to consumers at the end of the decade.


FTP, IRC and Usenet were the main vehicles for file sharing in this decade. Data compression technologies for audio and video (like MP3, AAC and MPEG) came into use towards the end of the s. Copper wire was common with fibre optic cable only becoming available late in the decade.

  • – Michael Sandrof adds Client-to-client protocol functionality to IRC clientircII allowing users to share files.
  • November – The World Wide Web is formally proposed by Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau.[7]
  • December – The Moving Pictures Experts Group chooses an audio codec developed by Karlheinz Brandenburg and his colleagues at Fraunhofer Society with input from AT&T and Thomson to serve as the MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3 (MP3) ISO/IEC standard. This allows songs on CDs to be converted into small computer files.[8][9][10]
  • June – RFC establishes the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions(MIME) standards for sending audio and images by email, paving the way for the shoppingdowntown.uses hierarchy on Usenet.[11]
  • – Software Publishers Association runs an anti-copyright infringement campaign Don't Copy That Floppy
  • July – The Fraunhofer Society released the l3encmp3 encoding software as shareware, the first of its kind.[12]
  • September – The Fraunhofer Society released WinPlay3, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives first software mp3 player for Windows.
  • June – Mp3 warez group Rabid Neurosis founded. Using connections inside record companies, they rip pre-release music CDs, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, and make the mp3's available for others to download.[13]Mirabilis developed ICQ a chat client for Windows that can do file transfers pro tools ultimate torrent Archives to 2 GBs.
  • – Scour Inc. is founded by five UCLA Computer Science students. Early products provide file search and download using the SMB protocol, as well as a multimedia web search engine released in Scour attracted early attention and support from media industry insiders before declaring bankruptcy in October [14]
  • April – Winamp audio player is released,[15] including the ability to make playlists, leading to increased use of MP3 files.
  • May – AOL launches AOL Instant Messenger with file transfer capabilities.[16]
  • August – Hotline is announced at MacWorld,[17] and allows chat, forums, and file transfers. It becomes popular among Mac users.
  • September – Windows Media Player includes support for mp3 playback for the first time.
  • November – is founded by Michael Robertson and Greg Flores.[18] Initially an FTP search engine, becomes a hosting service for unsigned artists. It serves 4 million audio file downloads per day at its peak and becomes the largest technology IPO in July The release of in Januarywhich allowed users to stream their own files, would prompt litigation. In MayUMG v., would be ruled in favor of the record labels, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives. would settle for $ million and discontinue the service.[19]
  • January – Musicmatch Jukebox is released providing easier to use CD-ripping software for pro tools ultimate torrent Archives mp3's on Windows.[20]
  • March – The MPMan F10, the first portable MP3 player, is launched.[21]
  • July – SoundJam MP released allowing mp3 playback and CD-ripping on Macintosh computers. InApple bought this program, and used it as the basis for iTunes.
  • September – Rio PMP MP3 player is shipped by Diamond Multimedia.[22] Its popularity leads the RIAA to file a temporary restraining order in October, without success.[23][24]
  • October – Digital Millennium Copyright Act is unanimously passed by the US Senate. DMCA provides a 'safe harbor' ensuring that Internet Service Providers cannot be sued for the activities of their users.
  • November – Audiogalaxy is created by Michael Merhej.[25] Initially an FTP search engine, the Audiogalaxy Satellite P2P client would reach 1 million downloads in In Maya suit by the RIAA would force Audiogalaxy to block sharing of illegal songs. In JuneAudiogalaxy would settle the suit for an undisclosed amount and make its services opt-in. In SeptemberAudiogalaxy would discontinue P2P services in favor of Rhapsody, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, a pay streaming service.
  • December – MP3 Newswire, the first digital media news site, is launched.[26]
  • February – China's Tencent launches QQ, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, a chat client with file transfer capability.[27]
  • June – Napster was created by Shawn Fanning. Napster let users search across all users' shares. Napster provided a centralized server that indexed the files, and carried out the searches.[28] Individual files, however, remain on the hosts' computers and were transferred directly from peer to peer.
  • November - The Direct Connect network is created.
  • November – iMesh is launched.
  • December – The first lawsuits were filed against Napster.[29]


In computer science terms, modern file sharing begins in the s. Several file sharing protocols and file formats were introduced, along with nearly a decade in protocol experimentation. Towards the end of the pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, BitTorrent became subject to a "man in the middle" attack in TCP mode – and this has led most file sharing protocols to move to UDP towards the very end of the decade, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives. Client and tracker software in this era was in development as much as the transmission protocols, so the file trading software was not always as reliable as it could have been.


  • January – is released by[30]
  • March – Scour Exchange is pro tools ultimate torrent Archives as a P2P file exchange service to compete with Napster. In addition to audio files, it also supports sharing of other media as well as software.[31]
  • March – Gnutella becomes the first decentralized file sharing network with the release of a network client by Justin Frankel and Tom Pepper of Nullsoft.[32] Like Napster, users could share large numbers of files at once, and search across the entire network for files.
  • March – Phex (formerly FURI) Gnutella client released.[33]
  • May – UMG v. causes to shut down. MSN Messenger becomes the first version to include file transfer capability.[34]
  • June – (originally launches.[35]
  • July –
    Freenet is created by Ian Clarke. Its goal is to provide freedom of speech through a peer-to-peer network which focuses on protecting anonymity. Files are distributed across the computers of Freenet's users. Ian Clarke's paper would become the most-cited computer science paper of [36] Freenet would become a darknet in
  • September – eDonkey client and server software is released by Jed McCaleb, introducing hashing into decentralized file sharing.
  • October – Scour Exchange is shut down as Scour Inc. files for bankruptcy in the face of copyright infringement litigation.[37]
  • October – Napster is credited with driving Radiohead's Kid A album to the top of the Billboard charts.[38]
  • December pro tools ultimate torrent Archives Peer-to-peer file sharing client WinMX beta is released, providing users with another way to connect to Napster (later OpenNap) networks.[39]


  • February – A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc.
  • February – Napster peaks at million users.
  • March – Kazaa and the FastTrack proprietary protocol are released by Niklas Zennström, Janus Friis, and Priit Kasesalu, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives. The Kazaa Media Desktop client came bundled with malware. Legal action in the Netherlands would force an offshoring of the company, renamed Sharman Networks. In Septemberthe RIAA would file suit against private individuals allegedly sharing files via Kazaa. In SeptemberUMA v. Sharman would be ruled against Sharman by the Federal Court of Australia. Sharman's non-compliance would prompt censorship of the program in Australia. In Julythe MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives. would cause Sharman to settle for $ million and convert Kazaa to a legal-only file sharing program.
  • April – Morpheus is released by MusicCity (later StreamCast), after licensing the FastTrack protocol.[40][41] MusicCity had previously operated OpenNap servers. Morpheus would become a popular FastTrack client, with million users, until licensing disputes and a protocol switch in February In Marchthe Morpheus client was re-released to operate on Gnutella, using Gnucleus servant as its core. In Junea redesigned Morpheus client would be released. In JuneMGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. would be decided against StreamCast. In Junethe Morpheus client would become no longer available for download.
  • April – gtk-gnutella client is released.[42]
  • July – Napster shuts down due to injunction. Many former Napster users move to OpenNap servers.[43]
  • July – Audiogalaxy Satellite client reaches 1 million downloads.[citation needed]
  • July 2 – BitTorrent released by Bram Cohen.[44] Users only upload one or a small number of files at a time, but all peers are forced to seed to other peers from the parts of a file they have received so far. Initially, programs did not include a search function, so indexing sites sprung up. Downloads for popular files tend to be faster than on many other networks.
  • August – ShareReactor eDonkey network index site founded. It would be taken down by police in March
  • September – Sony Music Entertainment admitted that they had included digital rights management software on Michael Jackson's You Rock My World single, perhaps the first such scheme to be implemented.[45]
  • October – Mutella client is released. Byit would no longer be functional.
  • October – Apple released the first iPod, which would eventually become the most popular portable mp3 player.[citation needed]
  • October – Windows Media Player 8 includes the ability to rip CDs to mp3 for the first time.[citation needed]
  • October 2 – The MPAA and the RIAA file a lawsuit against the developers of Kazaa, Morpheus and Grokster[46][47] that would lead to the US Supreme Court's MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. decision in
  • November – GNUnet is first publicly announced.
  • November – DC++ is created for the Direct Connect network and would become the most popular client.



  • January – isoHunt torrent index founded by Gary Fung. As of [update], it serves over 40 million unique express vpn crack Archives per month.
  • March – The Open Music Model is published, advocating a business model for the recording industry based on file sharing
  • April – Demonoid torrent index founded. As of [update], it is the second-largest public torrent tracker in the world.
  • May – Poisoned is released. It is the first Kazaa client for the Mac OS X platform.[citation needed]
  • May – The iTunes Music Store is launched by Apple, selling music by individual tracks, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, with digital rights management to prevent file sharing
  • May 15 – First hearing before House Committee of Government Reform on inadvertent file sharing, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, Overexposed: The Threats to Privacy & Security on File Sharing Networks.[56] Inadvertent File Sharing was a security concern detailed by researcher Nathaniel Good at HP Labs describing how user interface issues JRiver Media Center 28.0.63 Crack (Latest) to users of Pro tools ultimate torrent Archives inadvertently sharing personal and confidential information over p2p networks.[57][58][59]
  • June 17 – Second congressional hearing before Senate Judiciary Committee on inadvertent file sharing The Dark Side of a Bright Idea: Could Personal and National Security Risks Compromise the Potential of P2P File-Sharing Networks?[60]
  • July – Torrentse and Sharelive sites both shut down as a result of the MPAA starting to take action against BitTorrent sites.[61]
  • September – TorrentSpy is registered. It would be shut down in Marchand in May it would be ordered to pay the MPAA $ million in damages.
  • September 8 – The RIAA begins filing lawsuits against individuals allegedly sharing files on P2P networks such as Kazaa.[62]
  • November – Winny source code is confiscated by the Kyoto Police
  • November 21 – The Pirate Bay (TPB) bittorrent tracker is founded by Gottfrid Svartholm, Fredrik Neij, and Peter Sunde. It is based in Sweden. It has remained active despite numerous legal actions and a police raid in May As of February 4,it is the 73rd most popular site on the Internet according to Alexa.
  • – eMule introduces the Kad network, which implements the Kademlia protocol. Invisible Internet Project (i2p) is launched to provide an anonymizing layer for p2p programs.


  • January 17 – The initial version of the Advanced Direct Connect protocol is introduced for the Direct Connect network.
  • March 10 – ShareReactor shut down by Swiss Police.
  • May 10 – Winny developer Isamu Kaneko is arrested for suspected conspiracy to commit copyright violation.[63]
  • June 1 – Shareaza becomes open source with the release of v of the software.[64] As of [update], almost all of the major clients on its supported networks (gnutella, Gnutella2, eDonkey) are open source.
  • October 28 – The RIAA files an additional lawsuits aimed at alleged copyright violations from file sharing.
  • December 14 – Suprnova and many other torrent indexes closed after cease and desist orders by MPAA.
  • December 14 – LokiTorrent refuses to comply with cease and desist orders, quickly gainsusers, and $40, in legal fund donations. Its legitimacy would later be questioned and it would be taken over by MPAA in February
  • December 15 – US Federal Trade Commission Peer-to-Peer File-Sharing Workshop entitled Peer-to-Peer File-Sharing Technology: Consumer Protection and Competition Issues[65]


  • January – Mininova torrent index goes online as a successor to Suprnova. It has served 5 billion downloads as of May [66]
  • January – eXeem goes online and rumored/adversed as "the revenge of suprnova". The program failed to gain popularity and was eventually abandoned months later.
  • February – LokiTorrent indexing service shut down and is taken over by MPAA.
  • March – WinMX reported as the most popular music service with million pro tools ultimate torrent Archives followed by iTunes and LimeWire with million users each.[67]
  • March – Avalanche BitTorrent alternative proposed.[68] Is criticized by BitTorrent creator Bram Cohen.[69]
  • March 21 – Megauploadone-click hosting service is launched.
  • May – TV Kaspersky total security 2018 crack serial keygen torrent tracker/search engine is launched.
  • June – A redesigned Morpheus client would be released.
  • June – A busy CD music MP3 download site Boxup closed down and membership transfer to coxoo, then discontinued /[70][71][72][73][74]
  • June – Grokster developers are found guilty by the United States Supreme court of encouraging copyright infringement[75]
  • June 30 – EzPeer[76] wins its case vs IFPI Taiwan[77] in Shilin district court. The high court would later reject an appeal, but ezPeer would settle with IPFI Taiwan. As of [update], it is a legal music download service.
  • August – Yahoo! Messenger adds drag and drop file sharing capability with version 7.
  • September 5 – UMA v. Sharman[78]
  • September 13 – WinMX servers owned by Frontcode are shut down due to a cease and desist letter from the RIAA. Developer groups would set up new servers days later.[79]
  • September 9 – Kuro (酷樂) loses its case vs IFPI Taiwan in Taipei local court. It would also lose its case vs Push Sound Music & Entertainment on December 19, [80] Kuro would lose its appeal in the Taiwan high court on July 16, Chairman Chen Shou-ten (陳壽騰), CEO James Chen (陳國華), president Chen Kuo-hsiung (陳國雄), and one of Kuro'smembers Chen Chia-hui (陳佳惠), were sentenced to fine and jail.[81] It shut down its P2P services inand has become a legal music download service.[82]
  • September 28 – MetaMachine Inc. discontinues the development and maintenance of the original eDonkey client and of the Overnet network following a cease and desist letter from the RIAA.
  • October – Programmer Mark Pro tools ultimate torrent Archives revealed pro tools ultimate torrent Archives his blog that Sony Music Entertainment had started shipping music CD's that surreptitiously install a rootkit on Windows PCs designed to prevent copying.[83] Developers at Delft University of Technology and VU University Amsterdam release Tribler, a Bittorrent client which tries to provide anonymity for seeders and downloaders.[84]
  • November – Bram Cohen, the author of the peer-to-peer (P2P) BitTorrent protocol and the BitTorrent program, made a deal with pro tools ultimate torrent Archives MPAA to remove links to illegal content on the official BitTorrent website. The deal was with the seven largest studios in America. The agreement means the site will Microsoft Office 2018 Product Key + Crack 2022 Free Download with procedures outlined in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.[85]
  • November 12 – TorrentFreak is launched.[86]


  • February 21 – Razorback2, a Swiss indexing server and one of the biggest on the eDonkey network, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, is raided and taken down.[87]
  • May 31 – The servers of the Swedish website The Pirate Bay are raided by 50 Swedish police officers, causing it to go offline for three days.[88]
  • June, July – AT&T and Comcast stop offering Newsgroups. Sprint, Time Warner Cable and Verizon drop the alt.* or shoppingdowntown.uses.* hierarchy.[89]
  • August 21 – "Weird Al" Yankovic releases "Don't Download This Song" exclusively as a digital download via MySpace and YouTube lampooning several events in the music filesharing history pro tools ultimate torrent Archives this point.
  • October – YouTube announced the introduction of a "content identification architecture" which allows them to locate videos under copyright, and remove them. If copyright holders choose to leave the video up, YouTube agrees to pay them a share of the advertising revenue. Universal Music Group, Sony Music Entertainment and Warner Music Group all agree to this approach.[90]Mediafire, file host, is launched.
  • – Anonymous friend-to-friend client Retroshare is first released.


  • EMI gave up using digital rights management on their audio CD's, the last music company to do so.[91]
  • August 9 – Microsoft launches Windows Live SkyDrive in the United Kingdom and India.[92] They gradually made it available in more countries, and in Januarythe service was renamed OneDrive.[93]
  • August 21 – is relaunched by The Pirate Bay.[94][95]
  • September – begins selling mp3's free of digital rights management.[96]
  • October 12 – RIAA files a lawsuit against, accusing it of being an illicit peer-to-peer file sharing site.[97][98]
  • October 23 – OiNK's Pink Palace BitTorrent Tracker is raided and shut down by a joint effort between Dutch and British police.[99]
  • October 24 – The civil-court jury trial for Capitol v. Thomas, the first lawsuit by major record labels against an alleged file sharer, concludes with a verdict for the plaintiffs and a statutory damage award of US$9, for each of 24 songs, for a total of $, This was vacated due to an error in jury instruction, and a new trial was held in
  • November 9 – The Demonoid BitTorrent tracker shuts down until April citing legal threats by the CRIA.
  • December 20 –, the homepage of Shareaza, is taken over by Discordia Ltd., a company closely related to the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America). It now distributes software containing spyware and adware.[]



  • January – Apple's iTunes store began offering all of its digital tracks free from Digital Rights Management.[]
  • February 16 – The Pirate Bay trial starts.[]
  • February 23 – OneSwarm is released.
  • April 17 – The Pirate Bay trial concludes with a guilty verdict; each defendant pro tools ultimate torrent Archives sentenced to one year in jail and a total of 30 million SEK (US$ million, Incest Story 2 Free Download EUR) in fines and damages. The people behind The Pirate Bay declare they will appeal the ruling.[]
  • April 24 – Legal fees in record industry lawsuits cause SeeqPod to sell pro tools ultimate torrent Archives technology; the site closes until it finds a buyer.[]
  • June 15 – In the retrial of the Capitol v. Thomas case, a jury again finds in favor of the plaintiffs, and awards statutory damages of $80, per song, for a total of $ pro tools ultimate torrent Archives 30 – Swedish gaming company Global Gaming Factory says it has an interest in purchasing The Pirate Bay. Global Gaming factory eventually lose funding to do so. (GGF).[]
  • September 9 – 6 alleged members of the mp3 warez group Rabid Neurosis were indicted on charges of conspiracy to commit copyright infringement. Two were acquitted. Four pleaded guilty, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, and served 3-month prison sentences.[][]
  • September 14 – Demonoid experiences hardware damage from power outages causing a three-month downtime.[]
  • September 30 – Global Gaming Factory fails to produce the funds to purchase The Pirate Bay and the deal is put to an end.[]
  • November 26 – Mininova has removed torrents to all copyrighted content that it does not have official agreements for.[]
  • December – BtChina and about other sites registered in China were closed down.[][]
  • December 13 – Demonoid is back online.[]


In computer science terms, there have been few significant developments in the s. The BitTorrent protocol and clients have become more stable, adopting UDP to defend against transmission problems related to TCP. IPv6 support increased with clients and trackers.


  • October 26, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, – US federal court judge Kimba Wood issued an injunction forcing LimeWire to prevent "the searching, downloading, uploading, file trading and/or file distribution functionality, and/or all functionality" of its software (see Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC).[][] As a result, LimeWire May 5, and newer have been disabled using a backdoor installed by the company.
  • November 9, – First release of a modified version of LimeWire Pro with all undesirable components removed (such as ad- and spyware, as well as dependencies to LimeWire LLC servers) under the name of "LimeWire Pirate Edition", enabling access to all advanced features of the professional version for free.[]
  • November 26, – The verdict in The Pirate Bay trial was announced, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives. The appeal court shortened sentences of three of the defendants who appeared in court that day. Neij's sentence was reduced to 10 months, Pro tools ultimate torrent Archives to eight, and Lundström's to four. However, the fine was increased from 32 to 46 million kronor.[]



  • January – The office of was raided and service shut down. It was restored in February.
  • February – The domain names of the popular one-click hosting service Megaupload were seized and the site was shut down by the United States Department of Justice, following the indictment and arrests of the owners for allegedly operating as an organization dedicated to copyright infringement.
  • February – FileServe and Filesonic, both popular file sharing sites voluntarily stop all sharing services, while another site,, begins blocking all IP addresses from the U.S.
  • February – Btjunkie, one of the most popular BitTorrent sites voluntarily shuts down.
  • April – Google launches its Google Drive service.[]
  • June – FDzone in Hong Kong and Macau was shut down.
  • August – Seized DemonoidBitTorrent sites up for sale.[] Filesonic, which previously disabled its sharing services following Megaupload's shutdown, goes completely offline.[]
  • September – The file sharing site switches its domain to; in addition, it starts allowing IP addresses from the U.S.[]



  • May – Infinit launched its Windows app (Public Beta).[]
  • November – Tencent, the Chinese internet company behind QQ and WeChat sued Netease for streaming songs it claims it held exclusive licenses for.[] At the time, Netease was offering a Grooveshark-like free music service.
  • December – IsoHunt release the source code for Pirate Bay allowing anyone to deploy their own version of The Pirate Bay.


  • January – Launch of anonymous P2P network ZeroNet, which relies on TOR for anonymity
  • March – RapidShare – once the most famous file hosting service – shuts down
  • April – Grooveshark, music streaming site, shuts down
  • August – Video sharing website comes online.[]
  • The FBI seize the file sharing site ShareBeast and arrest its administrator, Artur Sargsyan.[][] The Recording Industry Association of America considered it America's most prolific file sharing site.[]


  • July – The world's largest torrent site KickassTorrents shuts down.
  • August – Torrent meta-search engine takes its torrents down, but is soon replaced by
  • November – Private music tracker shut down.


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Источник: []

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  • ^Avidp.&#;–, Pro Tools Main Windows.
  • ^Avidp.&#;–, Pro Tools Main Windows.
  • ^Avidp.&#;, pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, Pro Tools Main Windows.
  • ^Avidp.&#;, Clip Gain and Clip Effects.
  • ^Avidp.&#;–, Time, Tempo, Meter, Key, and Chords.
  • ^Avidp.&#;–, Editing Clips and Selections.
  • ^Avid pro tools ultimate torrent Archives, p.&#;–, Clip Gain and Clip Effects.
  • ^Avidp.&#;, Clip Gain and Clip Effects.
  • ^Avidp.&#;, Pro Tools Main Windows.
  • ^Avidp.&#;–, Committing, Freezing, and Bouncing Tracks.
  • ^Avidp.&#;–, Committing, Freezing, and Bouncing Tracks.
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